Mallorca (or Majorca) is the largest island in the Balearic Islands, which are part of Spain and located in the Mediterranean. The capital of the island, Palma, is also the capital of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. The Balearic Islands have been an autonomous region of Spain since 1983. There are two small islands off the coast of Mallorca: Cabrera(southeast of Palma) and Dragonera (west of Palma).
The climate of Mallorca is a Mediterranean climate, with mild and stormy winters and hot, bright, dry summers. Summers are hot in the plains, and winters mild. The two wettest months in Mallorca are October and December. The average temperature is 21*C. Mallorca is the largest island of Spain by area and second most populated (after Tenerife in the Canary Islands). Mallorca has two mountainous regions, the Serra de Tramuntana and Serres de Llevant. Each are about 70 km in length and occupy the northwestern and eastern parts of the island respectively. The Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2011.
Like the other Balearic Islands of Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera, the island is an extremely popular holiday destination, particularly for tourists from Germany and the United Kingdom. The international airport, Palma de Mallorca Airport, is one of the busiest in Spain. It was used by 28.0 million passengers in 2017. The island's popularity as a tourist destination has steadily grown since the 1950s, with many artists and academics choosing to visit and live on the island.